HSO Pre-Mission Checklist April 2nd


Submitted by: Hiriart Ttele

Crew: Health and safety officer


Part 1: Using the attached Safety Equipment Inventory, locate, test and confirm operation of all safety equipment. List any equipment not found and/or missing:

  • small fire extinguisher in the upper deck

  • no night light bulb at the RAM

  • The battery of the CO monitor in the science lab is low : type of battery : Rayovac high energy 9V

Part 2: Locate and confirm the emergency escape routes in the Hab are functional and clear:

  1. Stairs : the 3rd stair is broken. There is a wooden support that is strong enough at the moment.

  2. Emergency window Clear

  3. Commander’s window clear

Part Three:

Inventory First Aid kit and note what needs to be refilled:

  • In the first aid of the lower deck there is a Dramamine that is empty, and an antibiotic ointment that is empty as well.

  • In the first aid kit on the scientist lab triangular bandage missing, according to the list in the box

  1. Note any safety issues: the 3rd stair is broken. There is a wooden support that is strong enough at the moment.

Note any health/environmental issues: none.

Note any missing or recommended health and safety supplies:

  • Question: is there an adrenaline kit for allergies, or any defibrillator in case of emergency

Safety Equipment Inventory 2022-2023

HAB Upper deck

HAB Lower deck





CO monitor





Escape ladder




Fire blanket




Fire extinguisher






First Aid












Propane alarm



Radios (Channels 1 and 22)






Small fire extinguisher


Smoke alarm






Tow rope


Mission Plan – April 2nd

During these two weeks, our crew will aim to accomplish their experiments in the best way possible. Every crewmate has chosen an experiment in their domain of expertise and has prepared it thoroughly. Here are the details and mission plans of every experiment.

“Confinement FOMO” – Aglaé Sacré

FOMO, “Fear of missing out”, can appear when we are cut out of society. The Mars simulation completely cuts the crew off of the network and the outer world, which makes it the best place to study how the lack of social media affects the mental condition of not wanting to miss on something. This analysis will be done by anonymous questionnaires before, during (30 min every other day) and after the mission. This way Aglaé could compare how the crew used to use social media, how they predicted they would live without it and how they actually lived without it. Aglaé will be doing this for her Master’s thesis that she will present in June to the jury of UCLouvain.

Collaborator: François Lambotte, Director of School of Communication at UCLouvain.

“Radiation: how attached are we?” – Thomas Stinglhamber

Every day, everywhere, different types of radiation attack us. On Mars, radiation will be way more brutal and dangerous than on Earth due to the difference of the atmosphere. It is thus very important to be able to have easy ways to measure the dosage of this radiation. Thomas will install dosimeters both inside and outside the station to check how radiation proof the station actually is. The crewmates also get an individual dosimeter that they wear at all times to measure their personal dosage. Complementary to this, Thomas will use a Gamma detector to map out the dosage of the soil and try to find radioactive isotopes near the station.

Collaborator: Pascal Froment, CEO of BeSure

“High Speed Rotor Manufacturing” – Gwenael le Bussy

The Martian atmosphere is a hundred times less dense than the one on Earth. This means that every flying object we would like to use for observation, scouting or measurements needs to be adapted to the physics of that new environment. Like the ones on Ingenuity, the rotor blades have to have a special shape. Naturally, every piece of equipment may encounter a problem and need to be repaired or replaced. The problem cannot be predicted precisely in advance, which means that we need an adaptable solution. Gwenael will study how he can use 3D printing to model (with SolidWorks with NACA profile) and print rotor blades for the Martian atmosphere. Afterwards, he will test them with a high speed motor and measure their thrust with a scale.

“Space Oddity” – Ioana Dimitrova

Long term spaceflight separates astronauts from society and their loved ones for months and months. It also keeps them confined without leaving them a possibility to feel free and do whatever they want. This can lead to mental health problems, tensions within the team and can put the mission at risk. Music could be a cheap, easily transportable and effective solution to this problem. Choosing your personal music to help you relax could have multiple benefits. It could help you transport yourself elsewhere, work through your emotions and stimulate your senses. Ioana will test if this theory is true by measuring cardiac parameters during relaxing times with and without music chosen by the crew. The technology used for the measurements is KINO by HeartKinetics. It is an app that you put on your chest and that analyses your heart.

Collaborator: HeartKinetics

“Hide and seek during radiation storms” – Augustin Tribolet

As we mentioned earlier, radiation is an important factor in a Mars mission. If we are to live there or try to make bacteria or plants survive, we must find the most protected areas on the surface. An easy way to be able to find those places could be to use a drone to map out the area and to find these places. Augustin will use a drone to scan the surface and generate a 3D model by photogrammetry. This digital technique allows us to build the 3D model from photographic images. He will work closely with Agnes who studies extremophiles (see below) to analyse how effective his hiding places actually are.

Collaborator: Jerome Loic, Bernard Foing, Jeff Rayner, CEO of MXTreality

“Mars well-being” – Ttele Hiriart

Confinement, isolation, extreme conditions… All these factors affect mental health and team dynamics. How do girls react differently to boys? How does the team work together? How do the dynamics evolve? Which teamwork tools actually work? During the mission, Ttele will keep a diary of her observations of the team and different crewmates. She will compare these observations with the ones made by other mission simulations in Antarctica for example. She will also introduce some teamwork exercises to see if they help. At the end of the mission, she will present her observations of the ups and downs of the mission, how the team interacted and different lessons the team has learned or must work on for future missions.

“I will survive” – Agnes Dekeyser

I will survive !

As you may know, the planet Mars is currently not habitable for life as we know it due to its extreme

conditions. We are talking about an atmospheric pressure that is 1% of that found on Earth (at sea

level), an average temperature of -60°C, and an atmosphere composed of only 0.1% oxygen.

However, there are microorganisms on Earth that could withstand such conditions. They are called

"extremophiles". These are microorganisms that live in conditions that are lethal to most other

microorganisms. They live on the seabed, in the earth’s crust, in glaciers, and in many other extreme

environments. During this simulated mission on the planet Mars, our Crew Executive Officer will

study the viability of two strains of extremophiles after exposition to MDRS environmental conditions

: Deinococcus Radiodurans and Cupriavidus Metallidurans. Each strain will be exposed outside for 8

days in anaerobic condition. Their viability will be compared to their unexposed analogues based on

CFUs (Colony-Forming-Units) analysis.

“We are what we eat” – Antoine de Barquin

The goal of his experiment is to understand the impact of specific nutrition and confinement on the intestinal flora of astronauts. To conduct this study, a sample of each crew member was taken before departure to perform an analysis of intestinal bacteria by targeted metagenomics. This analysis is performed at the LIMS MBnext laboratory which collaborates with our crew for this experiment. Antoine will monitor everything the crew eats, type of food, quantities, time of the day etc. He will start analysing the data during the mission and will conclude the analysis after the return on Earth. The crew will give “post-mission” samples. This way, Antoine will be able to compare and analyse how the team is affected by everyone’s microbiote.

Collaborator: LIMS MBnext Laboratory

Operations Report – April 2nd

Crew 279 Operations Report 03-04-2023

SOL: 0

Name of person filing report: Ioana Dimitrova

Non-nominal systems: robotic observatory

Notes on non-nominal systems: awaiting for a solution from the manufacturer


Spirit rover used:

Hours: 213.8

Beginning charge:

Ending charge:

Currently charging: yes

Opportunity rover used:

Hours: 119.6

Beginning charge:

Ending charge:

Currently charging: yes

Curiosity rover used:

Hours: 226.8

Beginning charge:

Ending charge:

Currently charging: yes

Perseverance rover used:

Hours: 260

Beginning charge:

Ending charge:

Currently charging: yes

General notes on rovers: (used only for training today)

Summary of Hab operations:


Water (static tank): 318 gallons

Static tank pipe heater (on or off): off

Static tank heater (On or off): off

Toilet tank emptied: no

Summary of internet: used from 19:00 to 21:00 for reports

Summary of suits and radios: used for training, charging nominal

Summary of GreenHab operations: /


Heater: Off

Supplemental light: Off

Harvest: /

Summary of ScienceDome operations:

Dual split: /

Summary of RAM operations: /

Summary of any observatory issues: see above

Summary of health and safety issues: /

Questions, concerns and requests to Mission Support:

I wrote the report before receiving your formula and forgot to remove this question. The measurement was done with your formula after I received it.

Crew car info:

Mileage: 214275

Oil level: fine

Gas level: was half full upon reception, filled up to half a tank at Hollow’s Mountain upon arrival

Safety: No damage to vehicle and safety ok

Sol Summary – April 2nd

Crew 279 Sol Summary Report 03-04-2023

Sol: 0

Summary Title: Discovering of the station

Author’s name: Agnès Dekeyser, XO

Mission Status: Nominal.

Sol Activity Summary: Crew 279 arrived at the research station and discovered its surroundings. Their training for operating all major facilities, all main procedures and learning how to drive the rovers, went well. The first reports were also completed.

Look Ahead Plan: The stimulation will start tomorrow morning at 08:00. In the morning, a training EVA will take place at Marble Ritual to practice maneuvering a rover and perform a communication check for half of the crew members. The other half of the crew will perform the practice the next day.

Anomalies in work: None

Weather: Windy and sunny

Crew Physical Status: Good

EVA: Training

Reports to be filed: Operations Report, Mission plan, HSO Pre-Mission Checklist, EVA request.

Support Requested: None

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