Sol Summary – November 11th

Sol: 12

Summary Title: Last day on Mars
Author’s Name: Laurène Delsupexhe
Mission Status: Nominal
Sol Activity Summary: Today marked the end of our simulation. As usual, Paula went to water the plants. Cristina had baked a nice piece of bread. The Morning was mainly dedicated to cleaning the station. Laurène had an LGM session with a friend and then went on a final engineering EVA. Meanwhile, Marta prepared lunch. At 2pm, the simulation came to an end. Sergii kindly took us to the overlook for a last Mars exploration : the views were spectacular.

Look ahead plan: N/A

Anomalies at work: N/A

Weather: Sunny, 5°C

Crew Physical Status: Good

EVA: 1

Reports to be filed: Sol Summary Report, Commander Report, GreenHab Report, Operations Report, EVA Request

Support Requested: None, thank you Mission Support!

Operations Report – November 11th

SOL: 12
Name of person filing report: Laurène Delsupexhe
Non-nominal systems: N/A
Notes on non-nominal systems: N/A
Spirit rover used: No
Hours: (before EVA) N/A
Beginning charge: (Before EVA) N/A
Ending charge: (On return from EVA, before recharging) N/A
Currently charging: N/A
Opportunity rover used: No
Hours: N/A
Beginning charge: N/A
Ending charge: N/A
Currently charging: N/A
Curiosity rover used: No
Hours: N/A
Beginning charge: N/A
Ending charge: N/A
Currently charging: N/A
Perseverance rover used: No
Hours: N/A
Beginning charge: N/A
Ending charge: N/A
Currently charging: N/A
General notes and comments: N/A
Summary of Hab operations:
Water (static tank): 350.0 gallons
Water (loft tank): N/A
Water Meter: N/A
Static to Loft Pump used – no
Static tank pipe heater (on or off): off
Static tank heater (On or off): off
Toilet tank emptied: yes
Summary of internet: Nothing to report
Summary of suits and radios: Nothing to report
Summary of GreenHab operations:
WATER USE: 7.2 gallons
Heater: on
Supplemental light: off
Harvest: yes
Summary of Science Dome operations:
Dual split: Heat or AC, Off
Summary of RAM operations: N/A
Summary of any observatory issues: N/A
Summary of health and safety issues: N/A
Questions, concerns and requests to Mission Support: N/A

Mission Summary – November 11th

To summarize this mission is not an easy task : 3 years in the making, 2 times delayed and a last-minute change of crew. After finally making it to the MDRS, WoMars was so thrilled to finally get to work. It was a privilege to be able to test the robot from the Dronomy company : we look forward to seeing the data. We also tested an amazing deep space communication tool that brought us closer to Earth thanks to Braided Communications Ltd. And we self-reflected and shared our daily emotions as part of a sociology research led by Dr. Popovite.
Some mistakes were made, some paths were difficult to find, but finding ourselves surrounded by these red valleys, with nothing else around us but the station in the distance was an absolutely unique, and dare we say, out of this world experience. Our first meal compared to our last clearly demonstrates our ability to learn and adapt to new ways of feeding our bodies : never would we have thought we could enjoy so much freeze-dried food ! The perfect addition to those meals were the occasional harvest our Crew Biologist brought in from the Green Hab. We much appreciated the fresh microgreens and look forward to eating fresh food soon.
The bond we developed, the work we achieved, the regions we explored made this experience worth every hour of work we put in before coming.

GreenHab Report – November 11th

GreenHab Officer: Paula Peixoto Moledo
Environmental control: 16% Humidity
Average temperatures: 28ºC/24,6ºC
Hours of supplemental light: N/A
Daily water usage for crops: 27L ≈ 7.2 Gallons
Daily water usage for research and/or other purposes: None
Water in Blue Tank 28. 6 gallons
Time(s) of watering for crops: 9:00 am – 7:00 pm
Changes to crops:
Narrative: Today is the last day with my dear plants! I am kind of sad that I am leaving them but I am sure the next crew will take care of them even better than me !
Support/supplies needed: –

EVA Report – November 11th

EVA # 15
Author: Laurène Delsupexhe
Purpose of EVA: End of mission engineering EVA
Start time: 12:10am
End time: 12:30 pm
Narrative: The Crew Engineer did a final Engineering EVA to report if there had been any change to the exterior of the station: there are no updates to bring since the previous engineering EVA. After leaving the hab, Laurène went around it, then around the Green Hab, behind the Science Dome, around the solar panels and the observatory and behind the station before finally going around the RAM and heading back.
Destination: MDRS
Coordinates (use UTM NAD27 CONUS): 4251000-518000
Participants: Laurène Delsupexhe
Road(s) and routes per MDRS Map: N/A
Mode of travel: Walking

Research Report – November 11th

[category science-report]

WoMars Mission Plan at MDRS

Nerio I has been the WoMars very first space analog mission under Mars-like conditions. The mission has taken place at the Mars Desert Research Station (MDRS), Utah, USA. Being one of the very few all-female MDRS crews, WoMars believes this has been a great opportunity to study the scientific, social, and medical performances of our team. In addition, each of us has conducted innovative scientific research related to our field of expertise and our role as crew members at the MDRS.

There are four main research projects that WoMars has carried out at the MDRS:

A New Deep Space Communication Tool For Astronauts

WoMars made the decision that their analog mission will adopt a ‘high fidelity to Martian conditions’ approach during their MDRS mission. This means that, except for any emergency situations, all communication between the habitat and “Earth” has been subjected to a 5 minute one way time delay. In particular the crew has compared the effectiveness of two communication tools that are designed for use in high latency situations. One of these tools, Latency Governed Messaging (LGM), is similar to the tool that has been adopted in previous similar research experiments in other analogs that have operated under time delay. The other, Space Braiding, is a novel tool also designed specifically for high latency environments. Space Braiding brings structure and space to conversations by organising them into braids. The braids rotate on a carousel allowing each person to engage with the braids in sequence, with time to read, think and respond. The technology makes it feel to participants at either end that they are in a normal, synchronous, conversation. Both LGM and Space Braiding have been designed and developed by Braided Communications Ltd.

Before coming to the MDRS, each crew member had to choose two friends or family members with whom they would like to communicate during the mission and thus, test LGM and Braided communication tools. So that, at the end of the Nerio I mission, all crew members would have communicated with two loved ones using both software tools.

The main objective of this research project has been to compare both software tools and provide feedback to Braided Communications Ltd. once the Nerio I mission. This feedback is crucial for Braided to help develop the Braided communication tool for future space missions.

Visual odometry to determine the position of a robot in other planets

In areas like Mars, where there is no GPS system, or any satellite network developed yet, it is difficult to specify a coordinate system or to move a drone or ground robot to a specific location. Lazarus is a device that enables autonomous drone flights or ground robot missions in environments with no satellite network. This technology has been developed by Dronomy, a spin-off company based in Madrid, Spain.

Lazarus uses state-of-the-art image processing and sensor fusion, combining visual and inertial information for accurate localization. Lazarus is able to read a mission planned by a user, estimate its position in space and based on it, provide the drone or ground robot with the necessary commands to carry out the mission.

Before coming to the MDRS, Lazarus was installed in a robot. During the Nerio I mission, the robot has been tested in many different areas – starting from the Hab’s tunnels and continuing in Zubrin’s Head, Kissing Camel, Phobos Peak and the MDRS Ridge.

The results are helping Dronomy prove Lazarus’ innovative technology in a Mars-like landscape. The data has also helped understand if the algorithm accumulates any drift and will help develop Lazarus for future missions.
Gender and Crew Domination in MDRS isolation research

The psychological impact that astronauts undergo during space missions is a great concern for researchers. The fact that WoMars is an all-female crew, opens a very interesting line of investigation, as it rules out the gender influence and crew domination in mixed groups. This gives the perfect scenario to understand how women interact and collaborate without the presence of men.

WoMars has collaborated with Dr. Inga Popovaite, sociology researcher at Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuania. During the Nerio I mission, all crew members have been writing a diary every night before going to sleep where they explained the most positive and negative experiences during the day. Writing down in these stressful situations has helped the crew to focus, calm down and maintain a healthier environment.

Once back on Earth, the diaries will be analysed and the crew will be interviewed by Dr. Popovaite. The results of this research will help understand the management of emotions in small groups under an isolated confined environment.

Applications and Benefits of Augmented Reality (AR) for Training and Maintenance of a Human Settlement on Mars

The aim of this project is to identify areas where AR could be beneficial, including routinary tasks, maintenance and repair activities. For that, WoMars will record every task performed during the Nerio I mission, and will classify the tasks according to their repetitiveness and degree of difficulty. Then, WoMars will assess the possible benefits of AR as reduction in time or difficulty.

During the first week, the crew did a literature review of previous work on AR applications in space settlements as background for the study. Moreover, the crew started listing possible applications identified in their daily activities and classifying them.

In the second week, the crew will continue identifying potential tasks that could be assisted with AR and the possible benefits as well as other applications for research stations and education activities.

WoMars will start summarising the findings after the mission and the aim to design the structure of an AR tool that could address some of the identified applications. Ultimately, WoMars plans to develop a prototype to test its benefits in future analog missions.

Commander Report – November 11th

Sol: 12
Summary Title: Last day on Mars
Author’s name: Marta Ferran-Marqués, Commander and Crew Scientist
Mission Status: Nominal
Commander Report: The WoMars crew woke up this morning at 7.30 am. After the commander’s debrief, the crew continued with the cleaning of the RAM, the Science Dome, the GreenHab and the Hab. Then, the crew started packing up and Laurene did her last EVA – an engineering check to the outsides of the Hab. Everything was up and running!

After 2PM, the crew went out of simulation and a special guest guided the crew towards the Overlook for a last Mars exploration trip. The views were amazing, thank you for this last opportunity Mission Support!

After writing the last reports, the crew will finish packing, have dinner and tomorrow they will start their trip back to Earth – time has flown!

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