COMMS open 7-9pm 03May2023

Hello Crew,Mission support is signing in, please submit your daily reports.Please acknowledge.

Weather forecast:
03/05/2023 Night
Temperature – 61F
Humidity – 29%
Cloud Cover – 85%
Wind – S 7 mph
Wind gusts – 27 mph
Probability of Precipitation – 5%

04/05/2023 Morning
Temperature – 56F
Humidity – 42%
Cloud Cover – 35%
Wind – S 6 mph
Wind gusts – 30 mph
Probability of Precipitation – 4%

04/05/2023 Day
Temperature – 71F
Humidity – 14%
Cloud Cover – 19%
Wind – S 19 mph
Wind gusts – 39 mph
Probability of Precipitation – 0%

04/05/2023 Evening
Temperature – 64F
Humidity – 16%
Cloud Cover – 9%
Wind – SW 19 mph
Wind gusts – 36 mph
Probability of Precipitation – 6%

05/05/202307/05/2023 Summary
Daily temperature – 67-74 F
Wind – 15-18 mph
Probability of Precipitation – 1-15%


1) High winds warning tomorrow afternoon. Please plan accordingly.
2) FYI, an earth vehicle is coming tomorrow morning to empty the septic tank.
Sergii Iakymov – Assistant Director Mars Desert Research Station


Sol Summary – May 1st

Crew 261 Sol Summary Report 01-05-2023

Sol: 1

Summary Title: First EVA on Mars

Author’s name: Aline Decadi, XO

Mission Status: Nominal.

Sol Activity Summary: We prepared our flight suits, backpacks, helmets, radio, and we prepared ourselves for our first EVA this morning. The purpose was training EVA procedures + communication test with crew members and with the hab.
The group of 7 crew members have been split in 2 EVAs:
– EVA-1 crew members: Aline Decadi (Executive Officer) (EVA Leader), Audrey Derobertmasure (HSO), Julien Villa-Massone (Engineer), Cecile Renaud (Greenhab officer), Kris Davidson (Journalist) (Kris has been added to EVA-1 after the commander asked approval from mission support for the amendment of the EVA request sent yesterday).
– EVA-2 crew members: James Burk (Commander) (EVA Leader), Erin Kennedy (Crew Roboticist), Kris Davidson (Crew Journalist).

EVA-1 crew members started EVA preparation at 8:30 AM and EVA at 9:37 AM. Julien Villa-Massone pronounced the following beautiful sentence when the crew walked for the first time on the Martian soil: “It’s a small step for women, but a giant leap for womenkind”. We drove the Rovers (Curiosity, Perseverance, and Opportunity) for the first time with spacesuits. We accommodated with maneuver to the Marble Ritual, then walked around no farther than 200 meters for communication check. We exercised walking around with the spacesuits, regular health status, made photographs, and performed communication checks & extensive use of the radio. The communication was confirmed to be good on the field. Each crew member has used the radio extensively, experienced the spacesuits, the walking, the driving, the team cohesion, and the overall safety health checks were nominal. The EVA-1 crew members qualified on EVA procedures today. Nevertheless, it took more time than expected to go outside the hab, drive with the 3 rovers, and qualify for the EVA procedures.
The EVA extension has been always made safely and with operational communication (continuous communication with CapCom). We went back at 10:30 am instead of 10:00 AM. Back there, the Commander asked us for a crew debriefing and for a crew discussion. The discussion finished around 11:20 AM which was already late for the entire EVA-2 window. So, the Commander has informed the mission support that the EVA-2 will be cancelled for today. EVA-2 is rescheduled for tomorrow to qualify James Burk (Commander) (EVA Leader) and Erin Kennedy (Crew Roboticist), and they will be accompanied by the crew journalist and the HSO.
We spent the afternoon setting up experiments: the GreenHab, the PhotoBioreactor, the Musk observatory check, the file server for MarsVR and cardiovascular monitoring with requested parameters.

We spent the evening having dinner with MDRS Assistant Director Sergii Iakymov, having a commander briefing, and preparing EVA-2 and experiments for tomorrow.

Look Ahead Plan: We will be in Sim tomorrow for EVA-2 according to mission request approval. We will end the qualification of the overall 7 crewmembers on EVA procedures.

Anomalies in work: None

Weather: Sunny and pleasant. No significant wind during the morning EVA. Wind picked up in the afternoon.

Crew Physical Status: One crewmember was feeling weak and dehydrated today. They had a medical checkup with HSO and rested during the afternoon and worked inside the hab in the shade (it was too hot inside the RAM). A general point of attention was to all members to remember to drink water very often and to keep cool when it is too hot.

EVA: Training EVA to Marble Ritual

Reports to be filed: HSO Report, EVA Request, EVA Report, Operations Report, Crew Bios, Journalist Report, Pictures of the day

Support Requested: None.

Operations Report – May 1st

Crew 261 Operations Report 01-MAY-2023
SOL: 1
Name of person filing report: Julien Villa-Massone
Non-nominal systems:
· Cooling feature of fan in hab upper deck
· One side of the second-to-stair is failing
Notes on non-nominal systems:
· The Fan in the upper deck kitchen does not have water access and as a result, is not able to cool. This causes higher temperatures than ideal during the middle of the day. However, the temperatures are still livable. Going downstairs temporarily is an option to cool down.
· One side of the second-to-stair is failing: one segment of metal is broken. We are considering fixing this by adding a wood support like on the next stair step.
Spirit rover used: No
Currently charging: YES
Opportunity rover used: Yes
Hours: (before EVA) 122.5 (we need to recheck after EVA hours for accuracy)
Beginning charge: (Before EVA) 100
Ending charge: (On return from EVA, before recharging) 98
Currently charging: YES
Curiosity rover used: Yes
Hours: 232.0
Beginning charge: 100
Ending charge: 94
Currently charging: YES
Perseverance rover used: Yes
Hours: 262.0
Beginning charge: 100
Ending charge: 88
Currently charging: YES
General notes on rovers: EVA destination: 518687 / 4250789, meaning 600m one way / 1.2km both ways. We noticed a significant discrepancy between rovers on distance traveled vs. percent of battery used. Due to the very short distance traveled, this cannot be attributed to driving style or driving mode. This could be attributable to effective battery capacity varying from rover to rover (either due to battery design capacity or state of health).
Summary of Hab operations: Crew spent a nominal first day. Due to 2 crews sleeping on the mezzanine, it was decided to bring the safety lamp downstairs (ground floor) to lower its perceived brightness and enable sleep. Crew agreed to a quiet period from 10pm to 7am to ensure crew sleep quality (1 hour of wind down / evening routine + 8 hours of sleep).
WATER USE: 110 gallons indicated, probable 70 gallons actually used due to cylindrical shape of tank at the top
Water (static tank): 440 gallons indicated (probably 400-420 due to cylindrical shape on top)
Static tank pipe heater (on or off): off
Static tank heater (On or off): off
Toilet tank emptied: no
Summary of internet: nominal operation with good bandwidth and coverage
Summary of suits and radios: nominal operation for the 4 suits and radio used in the first EVA of the mission. Suit voltages were tested with a coarse multimeter, indicated 12 or 13 volts (integer only was indicated). A new multimeter from RAM may be needed next time for more precision.
Summary of GreenHab operations: First day for GreenHab officer. Watering was done 2 times (at 13:00 and 19:00). Temperature reached 93.3°F, considered excessive for proper operation.
WATER USE: 12 gallons
Heater: Off
Supplemental light: Off
Harvest: No harvesting done today
Summary of ScienceDome operations: Photobioreactor was assembled and plugged to mains power. Electrical and program commissioning completed successfully. Media for the photobioreactor has been partially prepared. – A Biostimulation experiment has been organized.
Dual split: Off
Summary of RAM operations: (Tools used, work done) Crew Robotics Engineer used the RAM for testing but was unable to continue operation in this building after a few hours, due to excessive temperature causing hyperthermia symptoms. Crew members decided to move to the Hab ground floor where cool space is available.
Summary of any observatory issues: Telescope and software have been checked in the context of preparation for solar imaging on the next day. Equipment was found to be available to start with image processing on the next day.
Summary of health and safety issues: 2 cases of hyperthermia symptoms. Due to the possible confidentiality of these issues, no further detail was gathered by the author. Please review the HSO report for more information.
Questions, concerns and requests to Mission Support:
· Request guidance on which measuring tape can be used to measure water supply.

Journalist Report – May 1st

Crew 261 Journalist Report 01-05-2023

Author: Kris Davidson, Crew Journalist

In the tapestry of human existence, two shimmering threads interweave, binding the fabric of our collective destiny: Toolmaking and storytelling, the twin engines that drive the progress of our species. We find ourselves at an extraordinary moment when the loom of technology whirls with unprecedented velocity, spinning forth marvels in multiple realms – artificial intelligence, genetic engineering, and rockets powerful enough to propel us (and all that we need to thrive) to Mars.

Storytelling has long served as an essential catalyst in the alchemy of scientific discovery. It is the vessel that carries within it the fragile essence of our humanity, infusing the sterile precision of data with the warm pulse of our imperfect hearts. Every simulation carried out at the Mars Desert Research Station is a story, an important draft in the larger unfolding story of humans to Mars. One day, a human being will be the first to set foot on Mars. That person — perhaps a teenager today — will also be standing on the shoulders of countless scientists, engineers, and analogue astronauts who have made and rectified all manner of mistakes to ensure their success.

Every analogue astronaut carries some version of this story with them to Utah. On the eve of the beginning of Transatlantic Mars Crew 261’s sim, Commander James Burk gently warned of the many discomforts to be endured in the coming two weeks. He reminded the crew that the experiments and projects will almost certainly take longer than expected, and that perfection should not be the goal (the subtext being that challenges and setbacks are precisely what we need to work through as a unified team). The Transatlantic Mars Crew 261’s arrival to the red planet was a liminal affair, a dreamed landing that occurred between a final dusk on Earth and the first Sol on Mars as the crew slept.

After the first breakfast on Mars, Executive Officer Aline Decadi led Audrey Derobertmasure (HSO), Julien Villa-Massone (Engineer), Cecile Renaud (Greenhab Officer), and Kris Davidson (Crew Journalist) on the first EVA to Marble Ritual for EVA training and testing communication systems. The EVA returned late, and Crew Commander James Burk called a debrief for the entire crew to review. It was determined that the novelty of being in spacesuits on EVA decreased anticipated efficiency. Throughout, Decadi prioritized safety for the crew. At the debrief, the crew also discussed hab etiquette for quiet hours, meal prep and clean up, as well as ways to ease stressful workloads for each other. The illusion of perfection was duly (and necessarily) shattered, but under the leadership of Burk and Decadi, the crew was empowered to voice concerns and strengthened as a unit.

The crew also expressed a desire to streamline communications with Mission Support and made the decision to invite Sergii Iakymov to join for dinner and conversation at 1800. A decision was also made to cancel the second EVA for the day.

The rest of the day was busy, with crew members beginning the setup of various experiments and projects. Derobertmasure (HSO) worked on collecting biometrics to assess cardiovascular aging from all crew members. Burk unpacked and qualified the file server that will be used for a multitude of technological applications in the coming days. Villa-Massone (Engineer) assessed facilities as required and worked with Renaud (Greenhab Officer) to set up the photobioreactor in the science dome. Erin Kennedy (Crew Roboticist) worked steadily on assembling and programming robotic elements of Atmosphinder, a wind-powered rover to be tested on upcoming EVAs. Decadi (Executive Officer) assessed observatories ahead of her planned celestial imaging for education and outreach purposes.

As Sol 1 for Crew 261 comes to a close, we are tired but more connected as a crew. And, we are all grateful and proud to be a part of the larger humans-to-Mars story.

GreenHab Report – May 1st

Crew 261 GreenHab Report 01-05-2023
GreenHab Officer: Cécile Renaud
Environmental control: Door open from 1PM to 7PM
Average temperatures: 93,3°F (from 1PM to 7PM)
Hours of supplemental light: N/A
Daily water usage for crops: 8 gallons at 1PM, 5 gallons at 7PM, 12 gallons in total.
Daily water usage for research and/or other purposes: 0 gallon
Water in Blue Tank 168 gallons
Time(s) of watering for crops: 1PM and 7PM
Changes to crops: N/A
Narrative: As we were training for EVAs and focusing exclusively on EVA qualification, I took care of the GreenHab at 1PM today. I plan to do the first thing in the morning tomorrow. Harvesting to be done: cucumbers, will be done on SOL 2. Tomatoes might need to be harvested on SOL 3 or 4.
Harvest: (include which crop and mass in grams) – None
Support/supplies needed: None

EVA Report – May 1st

Crew 261 EVA Report 01-05-2023

EVA # 1

Author: James Burk, Commander and EVA Comms Lead

Purpose of EVA: EVA and Rover Qualification for crewmembers

Start time: 9:25 AM with start of rover traverse at 9:37AM. (Prep began at 8:30am)

End time: 10:15 AM

Narrative: We drove the Rovers (Curiosity, Perseverance, and Opportunity) to the Marble Ritual, then walked around no farther than 200 meters for communication check. We exercised walking around with the spacesuits, regular health status, made photographs, and performed communication checks & extensive use of the radio. The communication was confirmed to be good on the field. Each crew member has used the radio extensively, experienced the spacesuits, the walking, the driving, the team cohesion, and the overall safety health checks were nominal. The EVA-1 crew members qualified on EVA procedures today. Nevertheless, it took more time than expected to go outside the hab, drive with the 3 rovers, and qualify for the EVA procedures.

Destination: Marble Ritual

Coordinates (use UTM WGS 84): 518687 E, 4250789 N

Participants: Aline Decate (Executive Officer) (EVA Leader), Audrey Derobertmasure (HSO), Julien Villa-Massone (Engineer), Cecile Renaud (Greenhab officer), Kris Davidson (Journalist)

Road(s) and routes per MDRS Map: Drive on Cow Dung Road and walk east until Marble Ritual.

Mode of travel: Rovers (Curiosity, Perseverance, and Opportunity)

Mission Plan – April 30th

JAMES BURK | Commander

ALINE DECADI | Executive Officer + Crew Geologist

CÉCILE RENAUD | Greenhab Officer + Crew Biologist


ERIN “ROBOTZWRRL” KENNEDY | Crew Robotics Engineer


KRIS DAVIDSON | Crew Journalist

We, the Transatlantic Mars Society, consisting of seven space professionals, plan to conduct several experiments and projects, including testing experimental robotic designs, new technologies for coordinated field science using Virtual Reality, biofeedback and pharmacology studies, simulating Mars-like conditions to grow algae for human food and oxygen production, blockchain-based voting and logistics management, and more. We aim to solve some of the challenges faced by future Mars astronauts, while also advancing technology and research for long-term human presence on Mars.

MarsVR – Coordinated Field Science Testing and Demonstrations + VR Terrain Scouting

Crew 261 will be the first to utilize the updated MarsVR application with real-time multi-participant capabilities while in simulation protocol at the MDRS. We will attempt to use it to plan and execute EVAs.

Crew 261 will be testing EVALink, a new system developed by the Mars Society’s Chicago chapter, which aims to enable real-time field science by providing long-range, low-power digital connectivity over ad hoc mesh network topologies. Powered by Meshtastic, an open-source hardware platform, EVALink will allow MDRS crew members on EVA to build an ad-hoc data network while exploring a field site, and sending back important information in near real-time, such as individual crew member’s excursion status, location information, and allow messages and photos to be sent back to the Hab (and into the VR experience) from the field.

Specifically, we first plan to utilize Garmin devices which duplicate the Meshtastic capability operationally, to build EVA experience and rigor amongst our crew. Then, we will utilize the prototype EVALink devices after performing initial field testing to ensure they are accurate and dependable. The MarsVR project team and EVALink team are available for remote support of these activities.

Bioreactor and Spirulina-Focused Experiments in GreenHab

Crew biologist Cecile Renaud is leading the crew’s effort to solve one of the challenges faced by future Mars astronauts: the need for life support systems that optimize growth conditions for food cultivation and oxygen supply. Spirulina has long been viewed as a promising food source for future Mars colonists. However, production of it requires a lot of energy, and nutrients are often wasted. Crew 261 will deploy a custom bioreactor developed by the Scotland-based company Algacraft (, which simulates an active growing culture in a Mars-like environment. In addition, as part of her PhD program (UMons), Cecile will conduct biostimulation for consumable plants using Spirulina as biostimulant to improve plants health and growth.

Julien Villa-Massone, an engineer and software developer, created and put into action the software portion of the Algacraft bioreactor experiment. He will also perform in-situ testing to ensure that all operational requirements are met. Julien will use this energy-intensive device as a dispatchable load to test the first smart-grid network at MDRS. To accomplish this, he will need to add a specialized smart grid controller and use a low-power communications protocol that can prioritize a large number of appliances. This work is crucial for any isolated base where the ability of life support systems to access reliable power is necessary for human survival.

COSMOS – Pharmacological experiments

Health and Safety Officer Audrey Derobertmasure and Executive Officer Aline Decadi started the COSMOS project, a suite of experiments to test a new approach to pharmacological studies with the aim of optimizing, adapting and individualizing drug treatments. To date, very few manned pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) experiments have been performed, due to logistical and technical constraints, none in the cardiovascular domain. We will study the elimination of caffeine from the body before, during and after the mission. We will also evaluate the impact of the extreme environment and confinement during the MDRS mission on the markers of early vascular aging thanks to new non-invasive and easily transportable vascular exploration techniques.

Atmosphinder – Wind-powered Mars Exploration Rover Experiment

Crew robotics expert, Erin Kennedy, has designed Atmosphinder (, an innovative wind-powered rover to investigate seasonal eruptions in the south polar region of Mars and the role these geomorphic processes play in the atmospheric system of Mars. The experimental prototype is a seven-foot tall robotic wheel with wind-powered sails that propel the rover. As the wind pushes the sails, the hoops begin to turn about a central bearing that is stabilized by reaction wheels. The electronics payload is suspended in the roll cage. The electronics are used to control sail trimming, precision drive module, sensors, reaction wheels, and lights, and also contain environmental sensors.

Nexus Aurora Rover

Crew 261 will also be testing a new Mars rover designed by the Internet-based engineering collective Nexus Aurora (, that has multiple science instruments and capabilities for sample collection and analysis.

High-Performance Drones for VR/360 Content Creation

Commander James Burk and crew engineer Julien Villa-Massone, who is also an experienced pilot, will test pilot a VR-enabled high performance drone designed by Adapa360 ( of Norway to capture additional terrain segments for the MarsVR project. The drone also has utility as a tool in unfolding recon and emergency situations.

We will also fly a Mavic Air 2 to capture drone footage of the MDRS campus and key terrain segments that will eventually appear in future MarsVR projects, and for other public outreach purposes.

Astronomy Observations

Executive officer and crew astronomer Aline Decadi will harness the incredible power of the Musk Observatory, and a small personal telescope, donated by long-time Mars Society volunteer Ryan Kennedy, to perform astronomical observations related to Mars and our solar system’s current state.


Finally, crew journalist Kris Davidson, a photojournalist with experience publishing work in prominent media outlets such as National Geographic, will document the crew’s activities and lifestyle at the MDRS throughout the two-week mission.

Marscoin Node & Voting/File Experiments

In a project spearheaded by noted crypto pioneer Lennart Lopin, Marscoin ( is a cryptocurrency developed in 2014 with future Mars colonists in mind. Built with blockchain technology, Marscoin is poised to assume a greater role in the larger development of a fair and transparent society on Mars. During our mission we will utilize a new custom version of the Marscoin network ledger, developed by Lopin and his team, to securely and efficiently perform crew-wide voting on initiatives of common interest (similar to votes at an early Mars settlement), as well as assisting the taking of inventory and file storage (IPFS) using immutable blockchain technology. Crew 261 intends to install a Marscoin node at the Mars Desert Research Station, making use of a new general purpose computer file server that will be a permanent addition to the campus, and has the added benefit of allowing future crews to store and share research and other information relevant to the MDRS program.

UCF Behavioral Study

Crew 261 will participate in an ongoing research study, led by researcher Andres Kaosaar as a part of his PhD studies at the University of Central Florida, on how emotions and coping strategies affect teams operating in isolated, confined and extreme environments.

HSO Pre-Mission report April 30th


Submitted by: Audrey Derobertmasure

Crew: 261

Date: 30/04/23

Part 1: Using the attached Safety Equipment Inventory, locate, test and confirm operation of all safety equipment. List any equipment not found and/or missing:

Equipment inventory, location, tested and functional

HAB Upper deck

HAB Lower deck





CO monitor





Escape ladder




Fire blanket




Fire extinguisher






First Aid












Propane alarm



Radios (Channels 1 and 22)






Small fire extinguisher


Smoke alarm






Tow rope


Part 2: Locate and confirm the emergency escape routes in the Hab are functional and clear:

1. Stairs: Crewmembers need to be very careful with the lower steps which is broken

2. Emergency window: Operational

3. Commander’s window: Operational

Part Three:

Inventory First Aid kit and note what needs to be refilled:

– 6 x Antiseptic toilettes FAE-4002

– 2 x gloves FAE-6018

– 7 x First aid burn cream FAE-7011

– 2 x Trauma pad 5” x 9” FAE-6024

– 2 x Sterile Pad 3”x”3

– Pen light doesn’t work

Note any safety issues: Crewmembers need to be very careful with the lower steps which is broken

Note any health/environmental issues: not observed at this time

Note any missing or recommended health and safety supplies: not observed at this time

1/ With a view to optimizing the first aid kit for the mission, the following items can be added:

· Wound and injury Care

– Antiseptic spray

· Bandages

– Steri-strips pack of 6

– Gauze pads 4×4

– Moldable splint

– Quikclot packages

· Drugs and relief (nonprescription medication)

– Acetaminophen

– Anti-diarrheal (loperamide)

– Rehydration solution (electrolytes)

– Antacids (relieve heartburn: omeprazole 20 mg)

– Physiological serum

· Instruments

– 1 braided tourniquet

– Irrigation Syringe

2/ It would be useful to have an automated external defibrillator in case of an emergency

3/ Prescription medication should be evaluated and discussed for future missions such as antibiotics and adrenaline auto-injector used in case of an anaphylactic shock.

4/ I recommend we have a permanent location for a tool to break the windows in case of emergency

Bios, Photos, Mission Patch – April 30th

Crew 261 Bios, Photos, Mission Patch – 30-04-2023

JAMES BURK | Commander
Executive Director, the Mars Society
MDRS Crew 197 Executive Officer
Member of MDRS Management Team since 2011
Former Microsoft engineer & technical project manager
Favorite projects are MarsVR virtual reality experience, Marscoin cryptocurrency, and the Marspedia online encyclopedia
PADI Certified Scuba Diver
Based in Seattle, WA, USA – Married, two teenage daughters, two Havanese dogs
James loves all things space, travelling to tropical locations, American Football and Irish cuisine.

ALINE DECADI | Executive Officer + Crew Geologist
Aerospace Engineer from ESTACA
11 years experience at ESA as Ariane 6 rocket scientist / safety engineering
ZeroG Flyer
Member of the board of Directors at Association Planète Mars
Field Member during the Martian analogue missions in Oman with the Austrian Space Forum, EuroMoonMars crew member
Author of publications in space scientific journals at NewSpace and SpaceSafety
Single engine Pilot
Aline loves space exploration, outdoors and she makes a point to ride her motorbike to get to work every day.

CÉCILE RENAUD | Greenhab Officer + Crew Biologist
Master of Science in Marine Biology at Sorbonne University, France
Master in Innovation Management at AgroParisTech, France
International Space University SSP’19
PhD Student in Life Support System for future space settlements
Cecile loves outdoor activities, science, space exploration and observing the fascinating nature around us.

Electronics Engineer with a specialization in Embedded Systems
MBA, 9 years business experience in renewable energy
Moonscape co-founder and Chief Marketing Officer
Web and watch app developer (portfolio)
Professional pilot (frozen ATPL)
International Space University SSP’19
Julien loves science, nature, earth and space exploration, playing music and a sustainable future

ERIN KENNEDY | Crew Robotics Engineer
Robotics, 3D printing, electronics, embedded systems
Founder, Robot Missions Inc
International Space University SSP’19
Gold medal winner at RoboGames (aka the robot Olympics)
Erin loves pizza and taking her robots on field tests outdoors while observing the robots interacting with nature.

Pharmacist specializing in Pharmaceutical Innovation and Research from University of Paris
Master’s degree in pre-clinical pharmacology, clinical pharmacology and pharmacokinetics at Paris-Saclay University
PhD student in space cardiovascular pharmacology
University’s degree in aerospace physiology and ergonomic from University of Paris
Member of ESA Pharmacology Topical Team
Audrey loves dancing lindy hop, doing yoga and meditation, and hiking outdoors. She is fascinated by the origins of life and our solar system exploration.

KRIS DAVIDSON | Crew Journalist
Collage artist working with storytelling across deep time
National Geographic photographer
Arts educator (National Geographic Society and the Academy of Art University among others)
Based near Seattle, Washington
In her artwork, Kris works with storytelling across the past, present and future; she is an avid reader (believes that books are our most enduring form of time travel). See her work at or on instagram.

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